General Review Process
Transnational Corporations Review (TNCR) is currently receiving submissions from researchers from across the globe, both from developed and developing economies, such as Canada, Europe, Middle-East, the United States, East and South-East Asia and Brazil. TNCR accepts a paper through its established editorial and peer review process, which include: a) internal and external review; the internal review is assured by the editor-in-chief or associate editors or one of the members of the editorial board. The external review is done by the invited reviewers with proven expertise in the field of the article.
A submitted manuscript will be first reviewed by the board members internally. This first-round internal review process is to ensure the scope and fit with the journal’s aim and objectives as well as ensuring the technical issues of the article. First level internal reviewers offer one of the two decisions; i) Primarily accept the paper to send to the external reviewers for thoroughly evaluating the paper, or, ii) Desk rejection with comments on why the paper is not kept for further evaluations. The desk rejection is very often when the manuscript does not fall into the aims and scopes as well as when the manuscript does not follow the technical requirement and when the editor or co-editor thinks the article does not have any chances of being recommended by the external reviewers.This process takes approximately two to three weeks. Thus we can save time and efforts for preliminary accepted papers for a peer-review process.
Qualified manuscripts in the first round will enter the second-round peer-review process. Each manuscript will be reviewed by at least two well-established external experts in the field within three months. Based on all peer-review reports, the executive editors and co-editors will have a final review of each manuscript and come to a collaborative assessment and decision for publication in two or three weeks. Some manuscripts with debatable issues might be sent to the special advisers for further reviewing and assessing. The journal provides constructive advises to the authors for further revise and re-submit (R&R) for preliminary accepted papers and the similar advises for those papers which are rejected after the rigorous review process.
Generally, TNCR’s review and editorial process includes:
The editors oversee each submitted manuscript in determining whether it is appropriate for the journal. If not, the manuscript is rejected.
The co-editors and editors identify two external reviewers. Typically, they are well-established experts in the field. These potential reviewers are invited for reviewing the manuscript. Review reports will be sent to the author(s) through the editors.
The editors decide whether accept or reject a manuscript based on review reports. For manuscripts that are conditional accepted, the editors will inform the author(s) on how to revise and resubmit
The editors or co-editors will invite reviewers to evaluate the revised manuscript. Typically, at least one of the original reviewers will be invited. Based on the feedbacks from the reviewers, the editor or co-editors will decide whether the manuscript can be accepted for publication, or needs to be further revised or rejected.
Specific Review and Mentorship
If the decision is to accept, the paper is in press and the article should appear in print in approximately three months. The TNCR's copy editor reads it for correct style (in-text citations, the reference list, and tables are typical areas of concern), clarity and grammar. The authors are asked to respond to the copy editor's queries. Following these corrections, page proofs are mailed to authors for their approval. At this point, only essential changes are accepted. Finally, the article appears in the pages of the Journal and is posted online.
The comments from reviewers or editors to authors are mainly concerned about the appropriateness and adequacy of the theoretical or conceptual framework, literature review, methods, results, and discussions. Reviewers often include suggestions for strengthening the manuscript. Comments are in the nature of the significance of the work and its potential contribution to the literature. Reviewers may also comment to the editor as well about their expertise in relation to the subject matter.
If the submission is accepted without further revision, which is a rare case, a web text will be processed for publication. If the submission is not accepted, authors who are asked to revise and resubmit are given the opportunity to continue with a review and mentorship. The editors will work with authors, as needed, to guide and facilitate revisions based on the comments and evaluation. This mentoring can last up to four to six months. Once the revisions are complete, the author resubmits the manuscript for a review and a process starts again.
While advancement to a review is not a guarantee of publication, it does reflect a significant investment in the submission. Our intention is to publish the web text if the author or authors carefully complete the revisions requested in consultation with the editors and editorial board members.
Instruction to Referees
TNCR is Canada's unique journal examining transnational corporations-related issues. The transnational corporations function through cooperation and interdependence among the headquarters, operational units and subsidiaries in international markets integrating the local responsiveness of its host markets. The journal strives to publish original research that will stimulate discussion and future research. It is directed at a wide readership including decision-makers and advisers in business organizations and governments, and policy researchers in private institutions and universities. Because of the multi-disciplinary nature, the journal publishes articles that fall in the intersection of international business and economics, public policy and international development.
Papers should be appraised from the point of view of their relevance for international business, economics and/or management. Publishable articles should be grounded in scientific literature of the given discipline(s) and provide evidence or analysis on a relevant issue. TNCRexpects papers to be of a high intellectual standard, free from disciplinary jargons and comprehensible to non-specialist audiences. Itprimarily considers original research articles for publication but also welcomes articles that do systematic rigorous review to demonstrate the state of knowledge in a particular area. These submissions should be assessed based on their comprehensiveness, accuracy, accessibility to a general disciplinary audience and the most importantly the extent to which they add to the existing literature.
TNCR uses a double-blind review process. Referees and submitting authors remain anonymous to one another. It requests that referees assess both the appropriateness and contribution of submitted papers. Referees should submit a cover letter or note to the editor or co-editors and an anonymous report for with comments on the paper that will be sent to the authors. These referee submissions can be made electronically using the link embedded in the email referees received with the original request for a review. Expectations from these two review stages are as follows:
Cover Letter (notes) to the Editor: Referees should provide an overall evaluation of the paper with a recommendation to publish, to request a major or minor revision, or to reject the submitted paper. Recommendations for rejections may be based on inappropriate fit for the journal as well as substantial limitations of paper development in arguments, evidence and relevant implications.
Anonymous Report (comments) to the Authors: The specific structure of the report can vary, but typically the report should contain the key elements of the referees’ evaluation of the paper. The report can provide general comments, addressing the main contribution of the submitted paper and the appropriateness of the paper for publication as well as specific comments, addressing the organization of the paper, methodology used in the paper, correctness and significance of the papers results and conclusions, and exposition and logic of the papers argument.
All comments should be considerate in manner and constructive. If a recommendation of revise and resubmit is given to the editor, then detailed comments regarding the requested revisions would be most helpful for the authors. Referees are typically solicited from a pool of experts highly knowledgeable to the focal areas of the submitted paper. They are expected to complete the reports within four weeks of receipt, but additional time may be applied when first accepting the request for review. Referees unable to provide a timely report either due to other demands or a mismatch in expertise are requested to advise the editor, co-editors as soon as possible. Suggestions for alternate referees are always appreciated.
The TNCR’s Editorial Board, including a Review Panel, Executive Editors and Special Advisory, are comprised of well-known individuals from academic, business, and policy circles. The primary role of the board members is to ensure that the journal publishes materials of high quality and that it remains editorially independent. Each submission is subject to a double-blind review by the members of the Board.
To expedite publication, all aspects of the process from submissions to correspondence and editing are done electronically. In order to circulate the work of the authors selected for publication, the TNCR retains the copyright to all manuscripts appearing in the journal (papers, articles, editorials, comments, etc.). These include, but are not limited to, rights to publication, republication, transmission, distribution, and other forms of use.